Tooth extraction is the removal of a tooth from its socket in the bone.
What It's Used For
Sometimes, tooth damage is too extensive for the tooth to be repaired. This is the most common reason for extracting a tooth. Such an extraction site can easily be replaced with a new tooth with different options like an implant or a bridge.
Patients receiving chemotherapy may develop infected teeth because chemotherapy weakens the immune system, increasing the risk of infection. These teeth may need to be extracted.
Patients receiving an organ transplant may need some teeth extracted if the teeth are at risk of becoming sources of infection after the transplant when immunosuppressive medications are given.
THERE ARE TWO TYPES OF EXTRACTIONS
A simple extraction is performed on a tooth that can be seen in the mouth. can be done under a local anaesthetic, surgical extractions commonly are done by oral surgeons. They can be done with local anesthesia or conscious sedation.
A surgical extraction involves teeth that cannot be seen easily in the mouth, either because they have broken off at the gum line or because they have not come in yet.. In a surgical extraction, an incision on the gum to reach the tooth. In some cases, the tooth will need to be broken into sections to be removed.
Wisdom teeth, also called third molars, often are extracted either before or after they come in.
They commonly come in during your late teen years or early twenties. Impacted teeth get stuck in the jaw and often need to be removed if they are decayed or cause pain.
A wisdom tooth that has emerged partially may be blocked by other teeth or may not have enough room to come in completely. This can irritate the gum, causing pain and swelling, which requires the tooth to be removed.